Artículos de Susana Martínez

PÉREZ DE PERCEVAL VERDE, M. A.; MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. The Role of Small and Medium Mining Enterprises in Spain. A (first) approach. (El papel de las pequeñas y medianas empresas en la minería española. Una (primera) revisión.) Due to the wide variety of minerals in the Spanish soil (lead, silver, iron,…

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MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. Dueñas y señoras (Mistresses of company´s capital): female partners in multi-owner firms, Spain (1886-1936). (April 2017, revise and resubmit) Firms with female owners show differences with those formed only by men (concerning capital, the number of partners, family ties, involvement in the management of the partners, etc.).This paper…

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GUINNANE, T.; MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. (2011). “Cooperatives before Cooperative Law:Business Law and Cooperatives in Spain, 1869-1931.” Revista de Historia Económica, v. 29 (1), 67-93. Studies of Spanish cooperatives date their spread from the Law on Agrarian Syndicates of 1906. But the first legislative appearance of cooperatives is an 1869 measure that permitted…

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MARTÍNEZ-SOTO, A.P.; MÉNDEZ, I.; MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. (2012). “Spain´s Development of Rural Credit  Cooperatives from 1900 to 1936: the Role of Financial Resources and Formal Education.”European Review of Economic History. v. 16, 449-468. This paper analyzes the role of financial resources, formal education, and other factors in explaining the presence and spread…

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GUINNANE, T.; MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. (2014). “Flexibility in the Spanish Company Law, 1885-1936.” Revista de Historia Industrial, v. 56, 81-113. The Spanish business code allowed firms two types of organizational flexibility in the late 19th and early 20th century. Firms enjoyed great leeway in adapting rules to their needs. The corporation was…

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MARTÍNEZ-SOTO, A.P.; MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. (2015). “Graneries (pósitos): a source of finance for Spain´s small farmers, 1900-1950.” Continuity and Change. v. 30, n. 2,  251-277. Under the Ancien Régime in Spain local granaries (in Spanish, pósitos) acted as welfare institutions designed to help small farmers in times of crisis. During the first…

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MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. (2016). “Creating the Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada: The Use of Legal Flexibility in the Spanish Company Law, 1869-1953”. Business History Review  90(2), 227-249. [DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007680515001361] Spain approved the first law of Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL)—a legal form similar to the German GmbH— in 1953. However, the SRL had…

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GUINNANE, T.; MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. (2018) “Choice of Enterprise Form: Spain, 1886-1936.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 34(1), 1-26. Article (free access): https://academic.oup.com/jleo/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jleo/ewx015/4791260?guestAccessKey=6880fecb-e150-4965-b22b-fc68f28e0838 Every new firm selects a legal form for the enterprise. Organizing as a corporation, a limited company, or a partnership shapes the firm’s access to capital markets, its…

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GUINNANE, T.; MARTÍNEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, S. (2018)”Instructions not Included: Spain´s Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada, 1919-1936.” European Journal of Economic History (accepted) In 1919 Spain introduced the Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (SRL), a new type of limited-liability enterprise form that combined elements of the partnership with features of the corporation.  The SRL resembled Germany’s Gesellschaft mit…

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